Alimony was designed to support a financially dependent spouse during and/or after a divorce until the recipient becomes self-sufficient. The amount and duration of available alimony varies greatly for each couple. Determining what works best for you may require the attention of an experienced and knowledgeable lawyer.

Types of Alimony awarded are:

  1. Bridge the Gap Alimony – This type of Alimony is paid to help the receiving spouse make the transition from marriage to being single.
  2. Rehabilitative Alimony – This type of Alimony in Florida is more typically awarded in medium length marriages and short term marriages. Rehabilitative alimony may be awarded to assist a party in establishing the capacity for self-support through either: the redevelopment of previous skills or credentials; or the acquisition of education, training, or work experience necessary to develop appropriate employment skills or credentials.
  3. Durational Alimony – This type of Alimony is to provide a party with economic assistance for a set period of time following a marriage of short or moderate duration, or following a marriage of long duration, if there is no longer a need of support on a permanent basis. The length of the durational alimony may not exceed the length of the marriage.
  4. Permanent Alimony - An award of permanent alimony terminates upon the death of either party or upon the remarriage of the party receiving alimony.  An award may be modified or terminated based upon a substantial change in circumstances or upon the existence of a supportive relationship in accordance with s. 61.14.
  5. Temporary Alimony - Payments made during divorce proceedings.
  6. Lump Sum Alimony – A one-time lump sum payment.
  7. Nominal Alimony – Preserves your right to request alimony in the future.  A person entitled to alimony, whose spouse may be unable to pay at that time may modify a Final Judgment of Dissolution of Marriage in the future, should the payers spouse’s income change.

Section 61.08(2), Florida Statutes, instructs trial courts that “[i}n determining whether to award alimony or maintenance, the court shall first make a specific factual determination as to whether either party has an actual need for alimony or maintenance.”

Elaine Simon, Esq. is experienced in using Vocational Experts when a spouse is requesting alimony and is voluntarily under-employed to impute income.